POSAO

Kako naći posao u Njemačkoj

Kako naći posao u Njemačkoj

Postoji mnogo suprotnih mišljenja o poslovnoj ponudi u Njemačkoj. Neki vjeruju da je posao u Njemačkoj teško naći, neki se stvarno muče pronaći dobro radno mjesto. Neki su pak mišljenja da će, onoga trena kada kroče u Njemačku, biti obasuti ponudama i izborom radnoga mjesta, a neki baš to i dožive.

Dobra vijest – posla u Njemačkoj zaista ima napretek. Međutim, velika većina nas i dalje mora tražiti posao i svojim trudom se izboriti za poziciju, ništa neće doći samo od sebe. Posebno izazovno je naći prvo radno mjesto, dok još nemamo nikakvu referencu ili bivšega poslodavca.

Gdje tražiti, kako postupiti i kako povećati svoje šanse za dobivanje željenog posla?

gdje tražiti posao u njemačkoj

Gdje tražiti posao u Njemačkoj?

Postoji mnogo mjesta i načina potrage posla. Za početak možemo podijeliti potragu na aktivnu (sam tražim) i pasivnu (netko drugi traži za mene).

Pasivno posao možemo naći preko različitih državnih i privatnih agencija za zapošljavanje.

Arbeitsamt, državni zavod za zapošljavanje, je logičan 1. korak za svakoga tko je tek došao u Njemačku. Nakon prijave na Arbeitsamt, slijedi kratak razgovor sa Vašim agentom te idete kući u nadi da će Vas zvati sa ponudama. Iz osobnog iskustva se to ne događa. Osobno sam bio 4 mjeseca na Arbeitsamtu i nisam primio niti jednu ponudu za posao. Arbeitsamt ima obvezu Vama naći posao tek onda kada primate pomoć od njih, sve dok “besplatno” čekate posao, a besplatan je svatko tko već nije radio u Njemačkoj, nemojte imati velika očekivanja. Ukoliko imate bolja iskustva napišite mi mail ili komentar.

Još jedan način za pasivno traženje posla su privatne Personal Vermittlung agencije. Nasuprot mišljenju da one traže radno mjesto za Vas, ove firme jednostavno traže radnu snagu za svoje klijente, poduzeća koja traže određene profile zaposlenika. Tako da u slučaju da Vam nađu posao, bivaju plaćeni od te firme koja Vas je zaposlila. Treba biti svjestan da personal agencije uglavnom traže specifična znanja i kvalifikacije. Što ste kvalificiraniji i uspješniji u svome poslu, to više ovakve agencije imaju smisla, pa čak postanete i “meta” koju agencije kontaktiraju i pokušavaju nagovoriti da prijeđe kod drugog poslodavca. To je jako dobar osjećaj i sigurno nije nešto na što je se većina nas navikla prilikom rada u Hrvatskoj, BiH i okolici.

Bolji i brži način traženja posla je aktivna potraga. Aktivno jednostavno znači da direktno tražimo otvorene pozicije te se sami prijavljujemo na njih.

Najbolje mjesto za aktivno traženje posla je Internet. Tu možemo razlikovati:

  1. Tražilice – specijalizirane tražilice koje skeniraju web stranice poduzeća te traže i izoliraju natječaje. Ovo je jako dobar kanal koji sam osobno koristio. Neke od tražilica su:
    1. https://de.indeed.com/
    2. https://www.kimeta.de/
    3. https://de.jobrapido.com/
  2. Online platforme – web stranice, portali sa oglasima za posao. Ovdje poduzeća plaćaju da bi oglasili svoje radno mjesto.
    1. https://www.stepstone.de/
    2. https://www.monster.de/
    3. https://www.stellenanzeigen.de/
    4. Arbeitsamt također ima svoj online portal: https://jobboerse.arbeitsagentur.de/vamJB/stellenangeboteFinden.html?execution=e1s2&d_6827794_p=1
  3. Društvene mreže fokusirane na poslovne teme:
    1. https://www.xing.com/
    2. https://de.linkedin.com/
  4. Web stranice poduzeća – većina poduzeća ima na stranici /karriere gdje su oglašena slobodna radna mjesta, ili kontakt podaci za tzv. inicijativnu prijavu (pošaljete svoje podatke u nadi da će im takav radnik jednoga dana trebati, po meni je ovo  gubitak vremena).

Drugi kanali za traženje:

  1. Novine
    1. Lokalne novine većinom imaju dio “Stellensuche”
    2. Specijalizirane novine. Ukoliko se krećete u specifičnom poslovnom polju za koje postoje specijalizirani časopisi te poduzeća koja se tu oglašavaju.
  2. Radio
    1. Poduzeća plaćaju da bi radio stanice čitale njihove oglase. Naravno da za vrijeme vožnje ne možemo zapisati sve detalje, ali pokušajte zapamtiti ime firme da bi poslije mogli tražiti na internetu.
  3. Poznanstva
    1. Većina ljudi negdje radi. Iz moga iskustva, SVE firme traže kvalitetan kadar. Ne škodi pitati.

Važno je shvatiti da nisu sve mogućnosti iste i treba se znati prilagoditi. Npr. ako tražite posao točno u mjestu u kojem živite, posebno ako je riječ o “nižem” rangu posla (bez uvrede, mislim na poslove kod kojih se ne traži pretjerana kvalificiranost ili znanje – čišćenje, konobarenje, dostava, mini job i slično), odličan izvor su lokalne novine. Ovim firmama se ne isplati plaćati oglase ne skupim internetskim portalima.

Naprotiv, ako je riječ o poziciju za koju je potrebna kvalifikacija i za koju dolaze u obzir i poduzeća iz veće udaljenosti, pravi izvor je internet. Te firme se ne oglašavaju u lokalnim novinama. Npr. firma XY traži knjigovođu, sasvim sigurno je da će oglasiti poziciju samo na internetu (vlastita stranica i online portali) ili eventualno angažirati privatnu personal agenturu za potragu uz internet.

Radio stanice često traže prodajne predstavnike za svoje potrebe, a kroz poznanstva često imate informaciju iznutra i u najboljem slučaju preporuku poznanika.

kako tražiti posao u njemačkoj

Kako postupiti kada nađem zanimljiv oglas?

Dok je kod traženja stana važno brzo reagirati, ovdje brzina nije presudna. Mnogo važnije je ciljano pronaći oglas koji Vam stvarno odgovara te se ciljano i smisleno prijavit na njega. Zapamtite, i firma koja traži će si uzeti vremena da se pravi ljudi prijave, te da ih razmotre i donesu dobru odluku. Ovo se ne događa u 1-2 dana, tako da imate vremena.

Važno je imati plan, rutinu te pripremljenu dokumentaciju – Email, CV i tzv. cover letter (pismo) da se možemo koncentrirati na potragu. Ovdje pročitajte kako napisati životopis za posao u Njemačkoj.

Dobra i provjerena taktika je ova: Svaki dan pronađete 2-3 oglasa koja ste detaljno pročitali, shvatili da ispunjate sve ili skoro sve kriterije koje su naveli u oglasu, te odlučili se prijaviti na njih. Nakon toga prilagodite svoje pismo, CV (ako je potrebno) te E-mail. Sve dobro provjerite i pošaljete.

Ovo zvuči jednostavno, ali oduzima koncentraciju i vrijeme. Ali ovo je bolja taktika, te sigurno donosi bolje rezultate nego šlampavo slanje 10 prijava na dan.

Faktori uspjeha

Da bi potraga bila što uspješnija i da bi izbjegli frustracije od učestalih odbijenica, najvažnije je:

  • Biti svjestan sebe, svojih kvalifikacija i znati što tražiti. Razmislite koji posao želite raditi te pogledajte zahtjeve tih oglasa. Ispunjavate li sve, ili veliku većinu kriterija? Na oglase gdje ne možete argumentirati svoje kvalifikacije u skladu sa barem 70% zahtjeva oglasa, nema se smisla prijavljivati (moje mišljenje i iskustvo koje sam osobno stekao). Pokušajte dalje tražiti, ili istražite postoji li druga riječ za željeni posao (Account Manager, Sales Manager, Sales representative, Sales Executive, Berater, Kundenberater…) su u većini slučajeva isti posao.
  • Treba se smisleno prijaviti od početka. Osoba koja je primila Vaš Email i razmatra Vašu prijavu treba odmah steći dojam “ciljanosti”. Email je personaliziran i ciljan – našli ste ime i prezime HR Managera (često je u uglasu na dnu), cover letter je ispravno adresiran i CV odgovara kriterijima posla. Ako ovo postignete šanse da budete pozvani na razgovor su jako visoke. Zbog toga još jednom – bolje je poslati 1-2 ovakve prijave na dan nego 10 paušalnih koje će HR Manager samo preletjeti pogledom.
  • Email i tekst u njemu treba biti kratak i jasan, bez grešaka. Npr:

Sehr geehrte Frau ….

anbei erhalten Sie meine Bewerbung für Ihre ausgeschriebene Stelle als ….(pozicija).
Warum ich die Stelle optimal ausfüllen kann und Ihrem Unternehmen durch meine Erfahrung im (vaše dvije glavne snage) zahlreiche Vorteile biete, entnehmen Sie bitte meinen ausführlichen und angehängten Bewerbungsunterlagen.

Ich freue mich auf ein persönliches Vorstellungsgespräch.

Mit besten Grüßen

  • Imati sjajan CV i prikladno pismo, bez grešaka.

Sve ovo zahtjeva dosta pripreme i istraživanja, stoga strpljivo i polako. Uz dobru pripremu i smislenu potragu, sigurno ćete imati bolje rezultate i svaki uloženi trud će se isplatiti.

To je to, sjajan 1. korak, preostaje samo čekati na odgovor.

http://derneuesvabo.de

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